In this post ,we are going to discuss how to fetch and process multiple rows (Multirow fetch) at a time using single fetch statement in DB2 cursor.
The multirow fetch was introduced in DB2 version 8 onwards.
Why to use it ?
By fetching multiple rows at once, your request can become more efficient and it can improve the performance by reducing the CPU time.
How to use it ?
As we know with regular Cursor fetch statement we can fetch one row at a time, values will be fetched into host variables and processed later into the program.
IN TO :A,:B
Now if we want to use Multirow Fetch feature, First of all our Cursor should be defined with something called as "With Rowset positioning".
A rowset is a group of rows that are operated on as a set. Such a cursor enables your program to retrieve more than one row using a single FETCH statement
DECLARE CURSOR CURSOR_NAME
WITH ROWSET POSITIONING
SELECT EMP_NAME FROM EMPTABLE
Now with this cursor when we use fetch statement we will get multiple rows at a time which normal host variable structure will not be able to handle it as it was designed to receive only one row at a time.
So, to use a multi-row fetch you must have defined the appropriate structures to receive multi-row data. This means you must defined an array of host variables into which the fetched rows can be placed. Each column fetched requires its own host variable array into which its values will be placed. If column is nullable then make sure we have separate host variable array defined for null indicator.
Be sure to match the array size to the rowset size. This way a single FETCH statements can be written to retrieve more than a single row from the result set.
Fetch Cursor :
FETCH ROWSET FROM CURSOR_NAME
FOR 10 ROWS
So it looks exactly like normal fetch statement except the word ROWSET and FOR 10 ROWS.
ROWSET keyword indicates that this is a cursor with Rowset positioning.
The FOR 10 ROWS clause specifies the size of the rowset to be returned. The maximum rowset size is 32,767.
Rowset cursors are very useful when you need to retrieve many rows or large amounts of data.
By retrieving multiple rows with a single FETCH, multiple trips between the application and the database can be eliminated, thereby improving network performance.